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Severe Lower Body Swelling and Bacteremia Secondary to Shewanella algae Bacteremia During Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL Training

Winter 2019

Bridwell RE, Carius BM, Oliver JJ. 19(4). 19 - 21. (Case Reports)


Shewanella algae is a unique bacterium largely documented in skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) with a wide range of presentations from gas-producing necrotizing fasciitis to osteomyelitis. Seawater exposure to lower extremity ulcers and wounds is most often correlated with infection, which has been documented in causing complications of bacteremia, sepsis, and infective endocarditis. Further complicating treatment is poor response to most empiric regimens prior to definitive diagnosis and an uneven response to antibiotics, including documented resistance to carbapenem. This case documents the presentation of a Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL (BUD/S) training candidate who presented acutely for complaints of severe lower body swelling and abrasions during "Hell Week" and was found to have polymicrobial bacteremia with Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus, and S algae.

Keywords: Shewanella algae; bacteremia; military training; underwater

PMID: 31910468

DOI: 10.55460/TH8K-U7CW

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