Greydanus DJ, Hassmann LL, Butler FK. 20(2). 95 - 103. (Journal Article)
At present, however, there is no systematic, comprehensive quality assurance program for TCCC training throughout the DoD. Individual courses and instructors may or may not use all of the materials in the JTS-approved curriculum; they may or may not add content that is not part of the JTS curriculum; and they may or may not add additional training in the form of advanced simulation, hands-on training with moulaged casualties, graded trauma lanes, or live-tissue training. A recent pilot appraisal of four Tactical Combat Casualty Care for Medical Personnel (TCCC-MP) training courses found that TCCC-MP courses are not presenting all of the course material recommended by the Joint Trauma System (JTS), despite TCCC training having been mandated by the Department of Defense (DoD) for all US military personnel. Some of the omitted material is essential to ensuring that students are fully prepared to perform TCCC on the battlefield. Further, there was incorrect messaging presented in the TCCC-MP courses that were appraised, some of which, if actually reflected in the care provided on the battlefield, would likely result in adverse casualty outcomes. Other aspects of the TCCC messaging presented in the appraised courses that is not at present part of the JTS-approved curriculum might, however, be appropriate for inclusion into the TCCC Guidelines and the course curriculum. Examples of material that should be considered for incorporation into the TCCC curriculum include modifying the method of tranexamic acid (TXA) administration (slow IV push vs the currently recommended 10-minute infusion) and a better technique for securing of the new CAT Generation 7 tourniquets after application. The course appraiser also noted that there were a number of excellent videos of actual TCCC interventions being performed that are not part of the current JTS-approved TCCC-MP curriculum. These videos should be forwarded to CoTCCC staff and the Joint Trauma Education and Training (JTET) branch of the JTS for consideration as potential additions to the TCCC-MP curriculum. Consideration should also be given to the inclusion of additional TCCC training modalities such as advanced simulators, moulaged casualties, graded trauma lanes, autologous blood transfusion training, and the use of live-tissue training (when logistically feasible) for selected course items such as surgical airways. Further, the 16-hour training time currently allotted for TCCC-MP training was found to be insufficient to present all of academic material and testing contained in the existing TCCC-MP curriculum. A 5-day course should be considered to include the entire JTS-recommended curriculum and to add graded trauma lanes and autologous blood transfusion training to the core JTS TCCC-MP curriculum. The post-course written testing also needs to use the standardized TCCC fund of knowledge questions and the TCCC Critical Decision Case Study questions developed by the JTS. Finally, there is a need to establish a systematic and standardized quality assurance program to ensure that TCCC training programs are carried out in accordance with the JTS-recommended TCCC curriculum. This program would best be performed as a new function of the CoTCCC with dedicated TCCC course appraisers.
Keywords: Tactical Combat Casualty Care; TCCC; training; simulators; live tissue training; battlefield trauma care