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Leveraging Combat Casualty Reporting in the Afghan National Army Special Operations Command for Evidence-Based Changes in the ANASOC School of Excellence

Winter 2019

Florance JM, Hicks M. 19(4). 59 - 61. (Journal Article)

Abstract

The Afghan National Army Special Operations Command (ANASOC) uses several documents for casualty reporting. By analyzing these documents from a period of March to December 2018, the authors demonstrate the predominance of gunshot fatalities within ANASOC at approximately 63% of combat deaths and a high rate of prehospital death at approximately 97% of combat deaths. The data also demonstrate relatively few cases of long-term disability from ANASOC soldiers wounded in action. The authors used these conclusions to create a Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-Afghanistan (CJSOTF-A) working group that recommended changes to the medical curriculum at the ANASOC School of Excellence. These recommendations centered on an increased emphasis on bleeding control to prevent death from hemorrhagic shock.

Keywords: Afghanistan; military medicine; warfare; wounds and injuries; war wounds; violence; military personnel; wounds; gunshot; wounds; penetrating; blast injuries

PMID: 31910472

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