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A Review of Medical Evacuations Related to Dental Emergencies and Oral-Maxillofacial Injuries

Ahead of Print 2099

Qureshi I, Simecek J, Mitchener TA. Ahead of Print. (Journal Article)


A literature review was performed to determine the frequency of medical evacuations (MEDEVAC) that are required for dental emergencies (DE) and oral-maxillofacial (OMF) injuries. Fourteen studies were reviewed altogether - eight which quantified evacuation of DEs or OMF injuries in military personnel (from 1982-2013) and six studies that discussed medical evacuation of DEs occurring in civilians working in offshore oil and gas rigs and wilderness expeditions (from 1976-2015). Among military personnel, DE/OMF issues were frequently among one of the top categories of medical evacuations, ranging from 2-16% of all evacuations. Among oil and gas industry workers, 5.3-14.6% of evacuations were dental-related, while one study of wilderness expeditions found that DEs ranked as the third most frequent type of injury that required evacuation. Previous studies have shown that dental and OMF problems often account for one of most frequently cited reasons for evacuation. However, due to the limited study base of DE/OMF medical evacuations, further research is needed to determine their impact on the cost of health care delivery

Keywords: medical evacuation; MEDEVAC; military personnel; dental emergencies; oil and gas industry; emergencies; dental care; health care costs; stomatognathic diseases

PMID: 37071889

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