Fisher AD, Callaway DW, Robertson JN, Hardwick SA, Bobko JP, Kotwal RS. 15(3). 46 - 53. (Journal Article)
Active violent incidents are dynamic and challenging situations that can produce a significant amount of preventable deaths. Lessons learned from the military's experience in Afghanistan and Iraq through the Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care and the 75th Ranger Regiment's Ranger First Responder Program have helped create the Committee for Tactical Emergency Casualty Care (C-TECC) to address the uniqueness of similar wounding patterns and to end preventable deaths. We propose a whole-community approach to active violent incidents, using the C-TECC Trauma Chain of Survival and a tiered approach for training and responsibilities: the first care provider, nonmedical professional first responders, medical first responders, and physicians and trauma surgeons. The different tiers are critical early links in the Chain of Survival and this approach will have a significant impact on active violent incidents.
Keywords: Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care; Ranger First Responder Program; Committee on Emergency Casualty Care; wounding patterns; Chain of Survival; preventable death